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Getting - entities is possibly 'undefined' error

Dynatrace Advisor
Dynatrace Advisor

I am trying to work on a fairly basic app that calls Dynatrace API for entities and then want to parse out the entityId and build an array of entities. I think that this might be specific to Typescript and not sure how to solve it. I know that I am getting an result array of objects, but when trying to use map, is telling me that entities is possibly undefined. Any help would be appreciated.


const [entitiesArray, setEntitiesArray] = useState<any[]>([]);
  useEffect(() => {
        entitySelector: 'type("HOST"),tag("OpenShift_App_Nodes")',
        from: 'now-1y/M',
        pageSize: 900
      .then(response => {
        // console.log('response:', response)
        const entities = response?.entities
        console.log('entities:', entities)
        setEntitiesArray( => entity?.entityId))
  }, []);

Dynatrace Advisor
Dynatrace Advisor

From @Michael_Beemer :

Basically, you're using optional chaining which returns either the value or undefined. In the solution I proposed ( const entities = response?.entities || []; ), it uses OR logic because if the entities property is missing, undefined is evaluations to a falsy value. That will set entities to an empty array. The ??  is called nullish coalescing ( entities?.map(…) ?? [] ) and is useful when the first value should be used if it's any other than undefined, even if it's a falsy value such as 0 or false.

Hope that's useful and makes sense.

I recommended the following changes:

Original code:

const entities = response?.entities;

Proposed change:

const entities = response?.entities || [];


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