Server time is going to be the time spent receiving the request and creating and sending the response back to the client on the server side. Time to first byte is going to be the time from when the request is sent from the client to when the first byte of the response is received from the server - so this will include transport/network time.
So TTFB should always be higher than the server time.
These metrics are based on the W3C navigation timings, so please take also a look at: https://www.w3.org/TR/navigation-timing/#processin...
Please look also at: What are the exact definitions of the Action Duration Contributors?
Please, let me know if that helps.
@ Alexander S.
Good stuff. It helps.
From the formula above, it is clear that TTFB > Server time.
Secondly, am I right to say that the network consumption formula below includes time to redirect, time to resolve the DNS and time to establish the TCP connection ?